Health disparities for children and youth with NDD have been well researched and discussed in public health and policy. For example, African American children are less likely than white youth to receive quality mental health services (Satcher, 2001). Youth from minority racial/ethnic backgrounds may be less likely to be diagnosed with a NDD or ASD; those who receive a diagnosis do so at a later age, which may alter their course of care and their long-term outcomes. African-American children with autism are diagnosed nearly two years after children of all other ethnic groups and they receive more misdiagnoses than Whites. Minority families and families with lower incomes or limited education have more difficulty entering the early intervention system for autism, even though early intervention is critical. Advocating for vigilant diagnosis, treatment and education about this condition among the African American community and other under-represented populations can help lessen the disparity.